When Was Makkah Royal Clock Tower Built

When Was Makkah Royal Clock Tower Built


The Makkah Royal Clock Tower, also known as the Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower, is an iconic structure that dominates the skyline of Mecca, Saudi Arabia. As one of the world’s tallest buildings, it holds significant religious and architectural importance for Muslims and visitors alike. In this article, we will delve into the history of the Makkah Royal Clock Tower, exploring its construction, purpose, and impact on the holy city.

The Beginnings

The idea for the Makkah Royal Clock Tower came about in the late 2000s as part of the massive expansion and modernization of the Grand Mosque (Masjid Al-Haram) in Mecca. The Saudi Arabian government envisioned creating a complex that would accommodate the growing number of pilgrims performing Hajj and Umrah. Consequently, the Abraj Al-Bait project was initiated, and the clock tower became its most prominent feature.


Construction of the Makkah Royal Clock Tower began in 2004 and was completed in 2012. The tower is an integral part of the Abraj Al-Bait complex, which includes seven other towers. The process involved a vast workforce of skilled laborers, engineers, and architects, all working tirelessly to complete the grand structure. The result was a remarkable fusion of Islamic architecture and modern design.

Architectural Features

Standing at a staggering height of over 1,972 feet (601 meters), the Makkah Royal Clock Tower is a true marvel. The clock faces, positioned on all four sides of the tower, are the largest in the world. Each face measures approximately 141 feet (43 meters) in diameter and is adorned with Arabic calligraphy and intricate ornamentation.

If you’re planning a visit to the holy city of Makkah, rent a car in makka hand flexible option. With numerous reputable car rental services available, you can easily explore the spiritual landmarks and breathtaking surroundings at your own pace. Whether you’re embarking on a pilgrimage or exploring the city’s cultural heritage, renting a car in Makkah ensures a seamless and unforgettable journey, offering you the freedom to create cherished memories and connect with the city’s rich history.

Clock and Chimes

The clock itself is a masterpiece of engineering, designed to be visible from great distances. It displays the time in 12-meter high green Arabic numerals, illuminated by over two million LED lights. Additionally, during prayer times, the clock tower resounds with the melodious call to prayer (Adhan) that can be heard throughout Mecca.


The Makkah Royal Clock Tower holds immense significance for Muslims worldwide. Besides serving as a timekeeping instrument, it plays a crucial role during the annual Hajj pilgrimage. Pilgrims rely on the clock tower as a reference point for various rituals, enhancing the organization and safety of the massive gathering.

Impact on Mecca

The presence of the Makkah Royal Clock Tower has significantly altered Mecca’s skyline. While it has drawn praise for its architectural magnificence, it has also sparked debates about the preservation of the city’s historical character. Nevertheless, the clock tower remains a symbol of Saudi Arabia’s commitment to providing modern amenities to the millions of pilgrims who visit the holy city each year.

Every year, thousands of devout Muslims embark on the sacred journey of Hajj from Pakistan. This spiritual pilgrimage to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina holds immense significance in Islam, fulfilling one of the Five Pillars of Faith. The journey involves deep reflection, self-restraint, and unity among fellow believers, transcending cultural and linguistic boundaries. The diverse Pakistani pilgrims come together to perform rituals that date back to the time of Prophet Ibrahim, fostering a profound sense of brotherhood and devotion. Hajj from Pakistan serves as a powerful reminder of the universality of Islam and the collective strength of its followers in seeking closeness to the divine.

The construction of the Makkah Royal Clock Tower stands as a testament to the dedication of the Saudi Arabian government in facilitating pilgrims and enhancing the Hajj experience. As a monumental structure, it serves not only as a timekeeper but also as a powerful symbol of Islam’s endurance and modernization. Its legacy will undoubtedly continue to shape Mecca’s landscape and spiritual significance for generations to come.

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